The city of Tunisy, which is commonly known as Tunis, is one of the cities of the Tunisian Republic as well as of the Tunis Governorate. According to figures collected in the year 2004, Tunis was home to more than seven hundred and twenty eight thousand people. And according to sources, which are not official but are informal estimates, the population of the greater Tunis region is considerably larger and is around two million people. As per these figures Tunis is the largest city of Tunisia.
The city is located on the Gulf of Tunis, which is a large Mediterranean gulf, and at the back of the port of La Goulette, which is also known as Halq al Wadi, and the Lake of Tunis. There are hills and a coastal plain surrounding the city and the city extends along these hills as well as the coastal plain. The old medina is situated in the centre of Tunis and is surrounded by development which is comparatively modern. The suburbs of Sidi Bou Said, La Marsa, and Cathage are located beyond the section of the old medina.
The old medina is full of a variety of strong colors and scents, as well trade which is very active and noisy. There are a lot of goods available for sale, and these include goods such as souvenirs for the tourists visiting the city, the crafts made by small crafts shops, plastic, tin, leather, and fine filigrees.
The modern city starts as one passes through the Sea Gate, which is also known as the Porte de France and the Bab el Bahr. The modern city is also called Ville Nouvelle, and is crossed by the Avenue Bourguiba. This grand avenue is thought to be the Champs-Elysees of Tunisia. Tunis is both the capital and the hub of commercial activity of the country, as well as being the focal point of the administrative and political life of Tunisia.