The United Arab Emirates abbreviated as UAE is translated in Arabic as Dowlat Al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah. It is a federation state that has seven parts with Abu Dhabi being the capital of the country. The location of United Arab Emirates is in the south east of
Arabian Peninsula and the southwest of the continent of Asia. United Arab Emirates lies on the Persian Gulf and shares its borders with Oman and Saudi Arabia. The seven emirates or states are Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Umm al-Quwain, Fujairah, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah and Sharjah.
The land of the federation is rich with natural resources of gas and oil and is now one of the most prosperous countries of the Asian continent. The Human Development Index of the United Arab Emirates is extremely high and ranks on number 39 in comparison to all other countries of the world. Before 1971, the United Arab Emirates were called the Trucial States or Trucial Oman as there had been a truce between the British and the Arab Royalty in the nineteenth century. It was also called the Pirate Coast between the 18th and 20th centuries. The largest city in the emirates is Dubai while the capital city is that of Abu Dhabi. The system of government currently being followed is of a Federal constitutional monarchy with a President as well as Prime minister. UAE came into being on the 2nd of December in the year 1971 and includes a total area of 83,600 km² or 32,278 sq miles. It ranks on number 116 amongst all the countries of the world in terms of area.
Total population of the United Arab Emirates is about 4,588,697 according to the census of the year 2006 with a population density of 64/km². Once an alliance of Arab tribes the country today has a GDP of $159.3 billion and is one of the most developed countries of the world.