Ankara is the capital city of Turkey as well as the second largest city of the country preceded only by Istanbul. The city encompasses an area of 516.00 km² about 971.4 sq miles and is situated at an elevation of 2800 ft. The total population of the city of Ankara according to an estimate in 2007 is 3,901,201. The administrative boundary of the city incorporates districts and it is also acknowledged as the capital city of the Province of Ankara. The urban population comprises of approximately 3,763,591 residents and the total population density of the city is about 1,551.00/km² or 4,017.1/sq miles. The city is ancient and has had many names in the past. It was called as Ankuwash by the Hittites before 1200 BC. The name Ancyra was adopted by the Romans as well as the Galatians. During the reign of the Byzantines and Hellenistic’s the name Ἄγκυρα Ánkyra was used for the city. When the Seljuks conquered it in the year 1073 it was called as Angora until the year 1930. The city is the diplomatic enclave of the country and holds all federal government offices as well as embassies. Not only this it is also the economic hub of the country and forms the cultural and financial backbone of Turkey. Strategically located in the middle of Turkey’s prime trade routes it forms an important pathway for trade. The surroundings of the city are leaden with green areas that thus the main city serves as a market place for the harvests of the neighboring land. The city has been famous for the long-haired Angora goat with its prized wool called mohair as well as the Angora cat which is a unique breed. The region’s muscat grapes are also popular. The city boasts many historical monuments from several former dynasties that ruled Ankara in olden days.