Lisbon also called Lisboa in Portuguese is the political and economic capital of the República Portuguesa. It is the largest most populous city of the country and us the capital city of the Lisbon region. The population of Lisboa localized to the municipal area alone is 564,477 and covers an area of 33 sq mi. the other area called the Lisbon Metropolitan Area is inhabited by 3.34 million people. The city is well developed and the sub region of Lisboa called Greater Lisbon is number two in terms of economic viability and quality of life in the entire Iberian Peninsula. The GDP is higher than the per capita GDP of European Union and the city alone contributes to almost half of the GDP generated by the entire of Portugal. It is the residence of the head of state of Portugal and the hub of political and administrative activity.
In 250 BC Lisbon reached the status of a Roman Municipium and was called Felicitas Julia under the rule of Julius Caesar. The city like most of Portugal has been a part of the Germanic Christians before the advent of the Muslim Moors. In the beginning of the 12th century it was again re captured by the Christian Crusaders and was given importance as an economic and political center. The culture of the city is distinct and an insight to the effect of all the dominions that were established on this land. The capital status of Lisbon is more because of being the de facto capital according constitutional convention. The culture and architecture of Lisbon matches the rest of Portugal and the municipal holiday of the region is celebrated on June 13th. It has the European Maritime Safety Agency and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction; both are agencies of European Union.