The largest city of the country of Spain is Madrid. It is also the capital city of Spain. Madrid is situated in the middle of the country and on the Manzanares River. The community is surrounded by the independent communities of Castile-La-Mancha and Castile and Leon.
Madrid has a lot of importance with respect to culture and politics. It is also one of Europe’s major economic centers, and the city is home to the largest international airport of Spain which is located at Barajas. Another important aspect of Madrid is that it is the Iberian Peninsula’s financial hub. This is because of the size of its market, the standard of living of the people, and the economic output. The head offices of most of the top companies of Spain are situated here, as well as those of three companies which rank among the top hundred companies of the world. Those companies are Endesa, Repsol-YPF, and Telefonica.
Even though the infrastructure of the city is very well developed and modern, Madrid still retains the historic appearance of its streets and neighborhoods. The major landmarks include the Buen Retiro Park which was made in the year 1631, the Royal theatre (Teatro Real), the Prado Museum, the Royal Palace of Madrid, the National Library which was built in the year 1712, and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.
The city of Madrid is thought to have been originally found by the son of King Tyrrhenius, Ocno Bianor, who was the ruler of Mantua and Tuscany. He named the city Mantua Carpetana or Metragirta. Another theory is that the city was name Ursaria, which means the land of bears in Latin. Both strawberry trees (called madrono) and bears are found in the forests besides the city, and these have been the city’s insignia since the Middle Ages.
The climate of Madrid is classified as being a Mediterranean climate. The winters are cool, and the summers are usually hot with maximum temperatures going to forty degrees centigrade.