The city of Valencia is the capital of the independent community of Valencia in Spain and of the province with the same name. It has the status of ranking third with respect to size among all the other cities of Spain. Valencia is a part of the industrial are which is situated on the Costa del Azahar. The city covers an area of around one hundred and thirty five square kilometers and is home to 810064 people in the city proper and 1738690 people in the metropolitan area, which includes both the satellite towns and the urban area. The climate of Valencia is classified as being a Mediterranean climate. The winters are mild and humid, the summers are warm and dry, and the springs and autumns are stormy.
The city was initially named Valentia in Latin, which means vigor or strength. This name came from the Emperor Valens who gave the orders to build a new colony in Hispania. The colony was later taken care of by Emperor Theodosius I. the city was known in Arabic as Balansiya when Spain was under the rule of the Muslim Empires.
The buildings on the old and twisting streets of the city date back to the Arabic and Roman times. The Cathedral was built in the years between the thirteenth and fifteenth century and is basically made on a Gothic style. But there are elements of Romanesque and Baroque architecture included as well. The Gotic Basilica of the Virgin (called Basilica De La Virgen De Los Desamparados in Spanish) is situated beside the Cathedral. The Late Gothic silk exchange (called La Lonja de la Seda in Spanish) has been declared as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.
The economy of Valencia has been growing at a strong and steady rate over the past decade. This growth has been as a result of the construction and the tourism industry.