Alaska, which is called Aljaska in Russian, is situated in the north west of the continent of North America and is a state in the United States of America. With respect to area, it is the largest state of the United States of America by a major extent. It also ranks among the wealthiest states with respect to per capita income and is the most racially diverse state as well.
It was on March 30 in the year 1867 that the area which is the state of Alaska was purchased by the United States of America from Russia at a cost of 7.2 million dollars. This comes to two cents for each acre. There were a number of administrative changes which were made in the land, and on May 11 in the year 1912 it finally became an organized territory. It was on January 3 in the year 1959 that it gained the status of being the forty ninth state of the United States of America.
The name Alaska was already being used by the Russians in their colonial time. But it was only used to refer to the peninsula, and the name is derived from the word alaxsxaq which means the mainland. Another name is Alyeska, which means the great land. Both these names have their roots in the same word in the Aleut language.
Except for Hawaii, Alaska is the only state in the United States of America which does not have any other state bordering it. No other state has more coastline than Alaska either, and when the coastlines of all the other states of the United States of America are combined, the total would still be less than that of Alaska. The capital of Alaska is Juneau. It is located in the continent of North America and it can not be reached by land.