North Dakota is one of the states of the United States of America and is situated in the western and the Midwestern regions of the country. With respect to area, it is ranked nineteenth among all the states of the United States, and with respect to the level of population, it ranks forty eighth among all the other states. According to figures collected in the year 2006, the state of North Dakota was home to more than six hundred and forty thousand people. The state became a part of the Union on November 2 in the year 1889, and was formed from the northern portion of the Dakota Territory. The state was the thirty ninth state to join the Union.
The landscape of the state in the western half is covered with hills and has resources of oil and coal. The land in the eastern part of the state is fertile and good for farming. The Red River Valley is formed by the Red River. The Lake Sakakawea is formed in the west by the Missouri River.
The capital of the state of North Dakota is Bismarck, and Fargo is the largest city. There are several public universities situated in both Fargo as well as Grand Forks. There are bases of the United States Air Force in Grand Forks and Minot.
The climate in the state is classified as being a continental climate. The weather in the summer season is hot, and in the winter season the weather is cold. There are numerous weather related events which occur here, such as tornadoes, rain, hail, thunderstorms, snow, polar fronts, and straight line winds which are at a high velocity. There are often floods in the Red River Valley in the spring season, as the Red River flows into Canada from the north. It was in the year 1997 when the most destructive to date hit Grand Forks and Fargo.