Salt Lake City is the capital city of the state of Utah which lies in the United States of America. The city is also the most populous city of the state and is nicknamed as the Crossroads of the West. The total population of the city as estimated by 2008 is about 178,858 and it has various names such as the Salt Lake, S.L.C as well as the former Great Salt Lake City. The total area occupied by the Salt Lake City is approximately 110.4 sq miles or 285.9 km² of which 109.1 sq miles is land while 1.3 sq miles is water.
The metropolitan area of The Salt Lake City includes Summit, Tooele and Salt Lake counties with a total population of the three counties estimated to be 1,018,826. The city also includes a large urban area that was formerly part of the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Area by the name of Wasatch Front. The total population of the Wasatch Front urban area according to estimate is approximately 2,150,000. The Salt Lake City was inhabited in the year 1847 by Mormons who were led by Brigham Young as their prophet. This group had fled from violence from the Midwestern region. There is a church in the Great Salt Lake City by the name of Mormon Church also called as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day. Salt Lake City is a metonym for headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day. At one point and time Salt Lake City comprised of minimal number of residents and was later developed after mining booms and construction of means of transportation.
With the advent of the 21st century Slat Lake City became a popular tourist abode and gained importance as the center of outdoor recreational activities such as skiing. It was the host city of the 2002 Winter Olympics.